AGRICA Climate Project: Ethiopia
HFFA Research is subcontracted by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) to participate in the AGRICA project. As indicated by the project’s name – combining the words “agriculture” and “Africa” – the aim of the AGRICA Climate Project is to analyse climate change impacts and adaptation options for the agricultural sector in Sub-Saharan Africa. While a report for Ghana has recently been produced by PIK researchers, the focus will now be on the East African country of Ethiopia.
The project’s goal is to create a baseline of projected climate change risks and impacts on the agricultural sector of Ethiopia. Furthermore, the costs and benefits as well as the feasibility of certain adaptation options will be assessed. This will facilitate government and other stakeholders to effectively develop investment strategies for climate change adaptation and to optimize the allocation of resources. A better understanding of the specific costs and benefits of their adaptation options can help countries gain access to international climate finance as well as public and private investments – which are crucial for the successful implementation of adaptation measures, and for pursuing a climate resilient transformation of the agricultural sector.
Within the AGRICA project our work concentrates on the cost-benefit analysis of certain adaptation options for Ethiopia, such as irrigated fodder banks or planting new crops or crop varieties. Therefore, we will quantify the costs and benefits of adaptation action and non-action. In this context, while adaptation action means that farmers will implement certain measures (for which they will incur certain costs in order to avoid other costs – which are often climate related), adaptation non-action refers to the scenario where farmers do not apply any adaptation measures.